Thomas de Mowbray
|Nombre al nacer||de Mowbray, Thomas|
|Edad de defunción||33 años, 6 meses|
|Parentesco con la persona principal||Nombre||Parentesco dentro de esta familia (si no es por nacimiento)|
|Padre||John de Mowbray|
|Madre||Elizabeth de Segrave|
|Hermana||Eleanor de Mowbray|
|Hermana||Margaret “Eleanor” de Mowbray|
|Hermano||John de Mowbray|
|Thomas de Mowbray|
|Hermana||Anne de Mowbray|
|Hermana||Joan de Mowbray|
|Hermana||Margaret de Mowbray|
| || ||Familia de Thomas de Mowbray y Elizabeth Le Strange|
|Casados||Esposa||Elizabeth Le Strange|
| || ||Familia de Thomas de Mowbray y Elizabeth FitzAlan|
Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG, Lord Marshal and Earl Marshal (22 March 1366 – 22 September 1399) was an English nobleman.
Mowbray was the son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray (died 1368), and Elizabeth de Segrave, 5th Baroness Segrave (died 1375). His mother was the eldest daughter of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave and Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, who was the eldest daughter of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Margaret of France. Thus Mowbray was a great-great-grandson of King Edward I. He was also descended from a younger son of Henry III of England.
On 10 February 1382, he succeeded his brother John as 6th Baron Mowbray and 7th Baron Segrave, and was soon created 1st Earl of Nottingham, a title that was also created for his elder brother. Three years later, he was appointed Earl Marshal of England, and in that capacity he fought against the Scots and then against the French. He was appointed Warden of the East March towards Scotland in 1389, a position he held until 1403.
Lord Nottingham was one of the Lords Appellant to King Richard II who deposed some of King Richard's court favourites in 1387. The King's uncle, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, was imprisoned at Calais, where Nottingham was Captain. When Gloucester was killed in 1397, it was probably at the King's orders and probably with Nottingham's involvement. A few weeks later he was created Duke of Norfolk. His aged grandmother, the Countess of Norfolk, was still alive; she was created Duchess of Norfolk for life. When she died the next year he also became 3rd Earl of Norfolk.
Later, in 1398, Norfolk quarrelled with Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV), apparently due to mutual suspicions stemming from their roles in the conspiracy against the Duke of Gloucester. Before a duel between
them could take place, the King banished them both. After Hereford returned and usurped the throne, Norfolk was stripped of the Dukedom of Norfolk, though he retained his other titles. He died of the plague ("pestilence") in Venice, on 22 September 1399.
The matter of Norfolk's quarrel and subsequent banishment is depicted at the beginning of Shakespeare's Richard II.
Norfolk had no children by his first wife, Elizabeth le Strange, 3rd Baroness Strange suo jure, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 2nd Baron Strange.
He had by his second wife, Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, two sons and two daughters:
Thomas de Mowbray; later 4th Earl of Norfolk.
John de Mowbray; later 5th Earl of Norfolk, later restored as 2nd Duke of Norfolk.
Margaret de Mowbray; married Sir Robert Howard, and had issue (John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk).
Isabel de Mowbray; married firstly Henry Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby, and secondly James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley.