Andres Hurtado de Mendoza

Nombre al nacer Hurtado de Mendoza, Andres
Sexo masculino

Padres

Parentesco con la persona principal Nombre Parentesco dentro de esta familia (si no es por nacimiento)
Padre Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Silva
Madre Isabel de Cabrera y Bobadilla
         Andres Hurtado de Mendoza
    Hermana     Francisca de Silva

Familias

    Familia de Andres Hurtado de Mendoza y Maria Magdalena Manrique
Casados Esposa Maria Magdalena Manrique
   
Evento Fecha Lugar Descripción Notas Fuentes
Matrimonio     Y
 
  Hijos
  1. Diego Hurtado de Mendoza
  2. Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza

Narrativa

Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza y Cabrera, 3rd Marquis of Cañete[1] (c. 1500 — March 30, 1561) was a Spanish military officer and, from June 29, 1556 to his death on March 30, 1561, the fifth Viceroy of Peru.

Origins and military career[edit]Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza was born at Cañete into a high-ranking Spanish noble family. He was a descendant of Juan Hurtado de Mendoza, Señor de Mendívil. Hurtado was guarda mayor (governor) of Cuenca, Spain, and royal chief huntsman of Castile, succeeding his father in both those positions. He was also a military officer, serving with distinction in actions in Granada, France and Flanders. He accompanied the Emperor, Charles V, to Germany and Flanders.

After being named viceroy of Peru in 1555,[2] he arrived at Panama, at that time part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Here he delayed his journey to deal with a rebellion of fugitive black slaves. He put Pedro de Ursúa in charge of the suppression of the rebels.

Viceroy of Peru[edit]He arrived in Lima on June 29, 1556, finding a colony still recovering from the rebellions of Sebastian del Castillo, Godinez, and Girón. The Audiencia had been ruling for nearly four years, with its president, Melchor Bravo de Saravia, serving as interim viceroy. The judges of the Audiencia had disputes among themselves, and they were arrogant towards the new viceroy. Hurtado immediately petitioned the king for the removal of the most offensive. Elsewhere in the colony, the pardoned insurgents were restive, and loyal royalists were agitating for greater rewards. There were still some centers of Inca resistance. In the face of this turbulence, Hurtado adopted despotic measures, executing many of the former rebels and banishing many of the discontented government supporters.

Among his other security measures were the creation of a permanent guard in Lima, and the construction of additional galleys to guard the coast.

He founded the College of San Juan de la Penitencia in Lima for poor Mestizo girls, and another college at Trujillo. He also endowed the recently founded University of Lima. He founded the Hospital of San Andr��s, also at Lima, and had the mummies of the Incas Viracocha, Yupanqui, and Huayna Capac moved there. In 1558 he founded the city of Cuenca, near the former Inca royal residence of Tomebampa (Ecuador). In Chile he founded the cities of Mendoza and Osorno (1559), and the Audiencia of Chuquisaca.

Also in 1558, the viceroy sent out several exploring expeditions, intended also as punitive forces against bands of adventurers. He entrusted the pacification of the Amazon to his faithful supporter Pedro de Ursúa, and the conquest of the Chiriguanos and the plains of Condorillo to Andrés Manso.

He named his son García, 22 years old at the time, governor of Chile. In 1557 the Portuguese Enrique Garcés discovered the mineral mercury in Huencavélica, necessary for the extraction of silver.

Descendants[edit]In 1532, the Marquis married Magdalena Manrique y Luna, daughter of García Fernandez Manrique, 3rd Count of Osorno and of his third wife María de Luna y Bobadilla, with whom he had seventeen children.

By Magdalena Manrique:

Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, 4th Marquis of Cañete
García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete (1535–1609)
Francisco de Mendoza, Archbishop of Burgos
Pedro de Mendoza
Rodrigo Hurtado de Mendoza y Pacheco, 1st Lord of Fregenal de la Sierra
Fernando de Mendoza
Juan Hurtado de Mendoza

<hr>

Andrés Hurtado de Mendoza y Cabrera, II Marqués de Cañete (n. Cuenca, 1510 - m. Lima, 14 de septiembre de 1560) fue un militar y político español que llegó a ser el III Virrey del Perú, entre 1556 y 1560. Su gobierno marcó la definitiva culminación del período de conquista y guerras civiles, caracterizado por continuas revueltas y modificaciones en el escenario del poder. Pacificó el Virreinato, impuso el respeto a la autoridad y fomentó la colonización.

Miembro de un distinguido linaje alcarreño, fue hijo de Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Silva, I Marqués de Cañete, de la poderosa Casa de Mendoza, y de Isabel de Cabrera y Bobadilla, hija del Marqués de Moya. Heredó el marquesado de Cañete, concedido a su padre Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Silva por Carlos I el 7 de julio de 1530, aunque se había creado (pero sin emitir el oportuna Real Despacho), en 1490 por los Reyes Católicos.

Sucedió a su padre en sus posesiones conquenses, siendo Guarda Mayor de Cuenca. Luego, fue Montero Mayor de Castilla y acompañó al emperador Carlos I en las campañas militares que libró en Alemania y Flandes, donde se distinguió.

Árbol

  1. Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Silva
    1. Isabel de Cabrera y Bobadilla
      1. Andres Hurtado de Mendoza
        1. Maria Magdalena Manrique
          1. Diego Hurtado de Mendoza
          2. Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza
      2. Francisca de Silva

Ascendientes